2017 February 21

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New York State
Nuclear Power
Rensselearville State Forest
Schodack Island State Park

February 2017
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Questions? Need an updated map? Email me andy@andyarthur.org.

Coal Mining Jobs by State

The Energy Information Agency estimates that there was 65,971 coal mining jobs in 2015. Of those jobs, 40,045 were underground miners, while 25,814 strip and mountaintop removal miners.

The largest state for coal mining jobs was West Virginia, where there were 15,490 jobs coal mining, with 5,497 in the northern counties and 9,993 in the southern counties.

Data Source: 2016 Annnual Coal Report, US Energy Information Agency. Table 18 Employment by State. http://www.eia.gov/coal/annual/

Map: Beacon Mountain Trails

Map: Beacon Mountain Trails

New York is a state in the Northeastern region of the United States. New York is the 27th-most extensive, the 3rd-most populous, and the 7th-most densely populated of the 50 United States. New York is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south, and by Connecticut, Massachusetts and Vermont to the east. The state has a maritime border with Rhode Island east of Long Island, as well as an international border with the Canadian provinces of Ontario to the west and north, and Quebec to the north. The state of New York is often referred to as New York State to distinguish it from New York City.

Party: Control of US Senate Seats, by Class

Democrats face a challenging election during 2018 in the US Senate, as the Class 1 seats are made of 23 Democrats and only 8 Republicans. While many of the Class 1 seats are Democratic-strongholds many are marginally Democratic, so Democrats will have to defend those seats, while Republicans only have to defend 8 seats -- granted some of those are marginal too. But still the math favors Republicans in US Senate this next election, assuming that Donald Trump isn't too much of a drag on them.

The three classes of United States Senators are made up of 33 or 34 Senate seats each. The purpose of the classes is to determine which Senate seats will be up for election in a given year. The three groups are staggered so that one of them is up for election every two years, rather than having all 100 seats up for election at once. For example, the 33 Senate seats of Class 1 were elected in 2012, the 33 seats of Class 2 were up for election in 2014, and the 34 seats of Class 3 were up for election in 2016.

When the Founding Fathers agreed to give six-year terms to Senators, they also decided to stagger the elections, so that a third of the Senate was up for election every two years. With this staggered turnover, the Founding Fathers wanted to ensure stability in the Senate, and encourage Senators to deliberate measures over time, rather than risk a rapid turnover of the entire chamber every six years. At the same time, they wanted more frequent elections, as opposed to waiting every six years, to prevent Senators from permanently combining for "sinister purposes".

More about the three classes in the US Senate can be found on Wikipedia. https://www.wikiwand.com/en/Classes_of_United_States_Senators#/Class_I