Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 73,442. Madison County is part of the Syracuse, NY Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Madison County is located in central New York State, east of Syracuse, north of Binghamton, and slightly north of due west from Albany. Madison County contains the geographic center of the state at Pratts Hollow in the Town of Eaton.
Oneida Lake and Oneida Creek define part of the northern boundary. The Great Swamp, formerly located south of the lake, was a rich wetlands habitat important to many species of birds and wildlife. This was drained by local and state construction projects in the early decades of the twentieth century, chiefly by Italian immigrants. The fertile soil supported high production of onions and other commodity crops, and the Italian families grew wealthy from their work. The area was known as “Black Beach” for its mucklands. Chittenango Creek defines part of the western boundary.