Energy in Topics


Fracking Pennsylvania’s Public Lands

Fracking Pennsylvania’s Public Lands

The question is what would the late Gifford Pinchot, Governor of Pennsylvania who set up the Pennsylvania State Forest system say? "Where conflicting interests must be reconciled, the question shall always be answered from the standpoint of the greatest good of the greatest number in the long run."

Pennsylvania State Forests like New York State Forests are working lands, to be used for a wide variety of public purposes. Does oil and gas production conflict with public uses? It's debatable. New York State allows oil and natural gas drilling and production in it's state forests, but not high volume hydrofracking due to concerns of size of the well pads. Pennsylvania does allow HVH fracking. if NY legalizes HVH fracking, they probably will sell mineral rights under state forests, but not allow the larger well pads on the state land itself.

The top soil is piled up and protected at these sites, tied down by grass. Once the wells are depleted, the drillers must replace the top soil, and replant the tree stands. Eventually the forest where there once were wellpads will regrow and once again be cut for forest products.

Oil Prices Fall and the Global Economy Wins – Businessweek

"Oil is in the middle of one of its steepest selloffs since the financial crisis, with prices on the international market falling 18 percent since mid-June, to $94 a barrel on Sept. 30. There are two explanations—not enough demand or too much supply. Supporting the weak demand argument: a stagnant economy in Europe, slower growth in China, and flat gasoline consumption in the U.S. According to the International Energy Agency, in 2014 world demand for oil will grow only 1.5 percent."

Why A Blue LED Is Worth A Nobel Prize

Why A Blue LED Is Worth A Nobel Prize

"Three scientists have jointly earned the Nobel Prize in physics for their work on blue LEDs, or light-emitting diodes. Why blue in particular? Well, blue was the last -- and most difficult -- advance required to create white LED light. And with white LED light, companies are able to create smartphone and computer screens, as well as light bulbs that last longer and use less electricity than any bulb invented before."

Inventing the LED Lightbulb

Inventing the LED Lightbulb

The LED was invented in 1962, with research into creating a "solid state" laser produced a visible light. Researchers in 1962 knew that "solid state" lighting was the future, but they had no idea that it would be another 50 years until all the elements of the technology would come to place to make the it a practical lighting solution for the masses.

I was at Walmart last night and I noticed how many LED light bulbs they now have on sale. It seems almost certain that traditional vacuum-tube style lighting (incandescent and fluorescent) has less then 10 years left in it's life -- prices continue to drop -- and LED lighting is now superior in most ways to the vacuum-tubes that have long lit our buildings.

Sometimes innovation takes a long time. Who would have ever thought a half century would pass before we would light our buildings with something other then vacuum tubes? Vacuum tube electronics disappeared within 10 years of the introduction of the transistor and solid state electronics, but it shows you how different technology progresses at.