Criminal Justice

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Questions? Need an updated map? Email me andy@andyarthur.org.

Police Officers Killed in the Line Of Duty

With crime rates dropping, safer police cars and more police officers wearing seat belts, fewer police officers are dying in the line of duty then in years past. At the same time, the number of police officers has increased, so deaths per capita of police officers has dropped to one of the lowest numbers on record.

Data Source: National Police Officers Memorial. Officer Deaths per Year. http://www.nleomf.org/facts/officer-fatalities-data/year.html

Murders by County, 1990-2015

This graph shows all the murders that have occurred in New York State from 1990 through 2015, by county. All of New York State has seen murders go down, although in many upstate counties trend in the number of murders has been hidden by the ordinary noise in the data (murders are somewhat random, they don't evenly go up or down by a certain percent every year). When you have 50 murders on a particular year, a handful more murders can totally throw off a long-standing trend. DCJS has more detailed statistics on index crimes, by county and police departments from 1990-2015. There are some reporting differences between these stats and the ones put out for the US Department of Justice, so numbers don't match exactly but are following the same trend.

Data Source: Index Crimes by County and Agency: Beginning 1990. NYSDCJS. https://data.ny.gov/Public-Safety/Index-Crimes-by-County-and-Agency-Beginning-1990/ca8h-8gjq

Violent Crime per 100k residents for 30 Largest Cities and Town in New York

Living in a big city or town doesn't necessarily mean an elevated level crime. There is a great variance in crime levels for the 30 largest cities and towns in New York State. Some big cities and towns are really violent in New York, some are quite safe.

Data Source: FBI, Unified Crime Statistics. Offenses Known to Law Enforcement by State by City, 2016. https://ucr.fbi.gov/crime-in-the-u.s/2016/crime-in-the-u.s.-2016/tables/table-6/table-6.xls/view

Percentage of Goods Stolen and Recovered

If somebody steals your car, you have about a 60% chance of getting it back. Cattle, maybe a 11% chance. And everything else a much lower chance of recovery. Cattle rustling apparently is quite successful, but probably a lower chance of success then maybe stealing somebody's firearms and office equipment is hardest to recover.

Data Source: Property Stolen and Recovered by Type and Value, 2016. https://ucr.fbi.gov/crime-in-the-u.s/2016/crime-in-the-u.s.-2016/topic-pages/tables/table-16

Google Maps: Murder Weapons By State In 2016

This map shows the murder rate by state, with detailed statistics when you click on a state. Alabama and Florida are excluded on this map as these states don't report the necessary data to the US DOJ. Fields ending with '_1' represent the number of murders per million residents.

Data Source: US DOJ / FBI. Unified Crime Reporting System. Murders, by Weapon-type. Table 12. https://ucr.fbi.gov/crime-in-the-u.s/2016/crime-in-the-u.s.-2016/topic-pages/violent-crime/murder

Study Shows That Cities Are Safer Than Rural Areas, Despite Crime

"Now it’s true that the risk of homicide is greater in big cities than it is in the countryside. But the study, which analyzed 1,295,919 deaths from injury between 1999 and 2006, found the rate of dying from an unintentional injury is over 15 times higher than that of homicide for the population as a whole. Whether you live in rural areas or the city, you’re much less likely to die from a gunshot wound — either from someone else or self-inflicted — than you are in a simple accident. Especially car crashes, which make up the bulk of unintentional injury deaths — motor-vehicle-injury-related deaths occurred at a rate that is more than 1.4 times higher than the next leading cause of death."

Percentage of Murders Committed with Firearms, 2016

Despite popular stereotypes, generally the Western and Upper Mid-Western States have the lowest percentage of homicides committed with firearms while the southern states have some of the highest. Started states (Alabama and Illinois) are those with incomplete data. Florida does not report method of murder to the federal government.

Data Source: FBI, Unified Crime Reporting System, 2016. Table 12. Percentage of Murders Committed with Firearms versus Other Methods. https://ucr.fbi.gov/crime-in-the-u.s/2016/crime-in-the-u.s.-2016/topic-pages/violent-crime/murder

They thought they were going to rehab. They ended up in chicken plants

"McGahey had heard of Christian Alcoholics & Addicts in Recovery. People called it “the Chicken Farm,” a rural retreat where defendants stayed for a year, got addiction treatment and learned to live more productive lives. Most were sent there by courts from across Oklahoma and neighboring states, part of the nationwide push to keep nonviolent offenders out of prison. Aside from daily cans of Dr Pepper, McGahey wasn’t addicted to anything. The judge knew that. But the Chicken Farm sounded better than prison."

"A few weeks later, McGahey stood in front of a speeding conveyor belt inside a frigid poultry plant, pulling guts and stray feathers from slaughtered chickens destined for major fast food restaurants and grocery stores. There wasn’t much substance abuse treatment at CAAIR. It was mostly factory work for one of America’s top poultry companies. If McGahey got hurt or worked too slowly, his bosses threatened him with prison. And he worked for free. CAAIR pocketed the pay."

Riding With ICE: ‘We’re Trying To Do The Right Thing’

"Under President Trump, ICE agents are told to arrest anyone in the country illegally. Since Trump's executive order in January, calling for more aggressive enforcement of immigration laws, ICE arrests have skyrocketed and the agency plans to hire more agents."

"Immigrants without legal status "should be afraid," according to Thomas Homan, the federal agency's acting director."

"But that tougher stance has put the agency on the hot seat. Immigrant advocates say ICE agents are fearmongering and arresting people who only broke the law to come to the U.S. for a better life. The agents say they're misunderstood and that they simply want to enforce the law."

Baltimore Police Caught Planting Drugs In Body-Cam Footage, Public Defender Says

"On the sidewalk, Pinheiro activates his body-cam — apparently unaware that the device would also preserve his earlier actions. "Police cameras have a feature that saves the 30 seconds of video before activation, but without audio," The Baltimore Sun reports.

"I'm gonna go check here, hold on," the officer tells his colleagues, walking back to the property — and seeming to spark laughter from his fellow officers. After a "search" that lasts around 15 seconds, he picks up the soup can, pulls out the plastic bag, and displays it to the camera, showing that it's holding white capsules.

"Yo," he yells. "Hold up."

The operation resulted in an arrest and months of jail time for the suspect, who wasn't released until the public defender's office sent the body-cam video to the state attorney's office last week. He was held while unable to post $50,000 bail, the Sun reports."