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Sulfur Dioxide Emissions in NY State

Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) is one of a group of gases called sulfur oxides (SOx). While all of these gases are harmful to human health and the environment, SO2 is of greater concern.

Control measures that reduce SO2 can generally be expected to reduce people’s exposures to all gaseous SOx. This may have the important co-benefit of reducing the formation of particulate SOx such as fine sulfate particles.

Emissions that lead to high concentrations of SO2 generally also lead to the formation of other SOx. The largest sources of SO2 emissions are from fossil fuel combustion at power plants andother industrial facilities.

Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) is one of a group of gases called sulfur oxides (SOx). While all of these gases are harmful to human health and the environment, SO2 is of greater concern.

Control measures that reduce SO2 can generally be expected to reduce people’s exposures to all gaseous SOx. This may have the important co-benefit of reducing the formation of particulate SOx such as fine sulfate particles.

Emissions that lead to high concentrations of SO2 generally also lead to the formation of other SOx. The largest sources of SO2 emissions are from fossil fuel combustion at power plants andother industrial facilities.

In 2013, 52% of the state's industrial emissions of sulfur dioxide come from four coal fired power plants -- Somerset Operating Company, Huntley Steam Station, Cayuga Operating Company and Dunkirk Steam Generating Station. Most of these plants now are only used occasionally, if not permanently retired in favor of natural gas repowering or abandonment.

Data Source: Title V Emissions Inventory, 2013. https://data.ny.gov/Energy-Environment/Title-V-Emissions-Inventory-Beginning-2010/4ry5-tfin

Particulate Matter Emissions, Title V Emitters, by percentage

In 2013, the latest year that data is available, Title V Large Industrial Air Pollution emitters released 15,973 tons of particulate matter in New York State. The largest emitter was Finch Paper in Glens Falls, releasing 5,795 tons or about 36% of state's total particulate emissions from Title V facilities. LaFarge aka Blue Circle Cement in Coeymans was second, releasing 1,440 tons of particulate matter or about 9% of state's total Title V industrial emissions.

Data Source: Title V Emissions Inventory. https://data.ny.gov/Energy-Environment/Title-V-Emissions-Inventory-Beginning-2010/4ry5-tfin

🛣US Route 9 in New York State currently has 11 suffixed routes.🚗

U.S. Route 9W (US 9W) (141.83 mi or 228.25 km) is a north–south U.S. Highway in the states of New Jersey and New York. It begins in Fort Lee, New Jersey, as Fletcher Avenue crosses the US 1–9, US 46, and the Interstate 95 (I-95) approaches to the George Washington Bridge, and heads north up the west side of the Hudson River to US 9 in Albany, New York.

NY 9A (47.49 miles or 76.43 kilometres) is an alternate route of US 9 through Manhattan and Westchester County.

NY 9B (5.97 miles or 9.61 kilometres) is a spur in Clinton County linking US 9 in Chazy to US 11 in Rouses Point.

NY 9D (25.21 miles or 40.57 kilometres) is an alternate route of US 9 between the Bear Mountain Bridge and Wappingers Falls.

NY 9G (42.77 miles or 68.83 kilometres) is an alternate route of US 9 from Poughkeepsie, Dutchess County, to Hudson, Columbia County.

NY 9H (18.77 miles or 30.21 kilometres) is an easterly alternate to US 9 between Bell Pond and Valatie.

NY 9J (22.38 miles or 36.02 kilometres) is an alternate route of US 9 from Columbiaville to Rensselaer. NY 9J follows a more westerly alignment than US 9 to serve a series of communities along the Hudson River.

NY 9L (18.54 miles or 29.84 kilometres) is a loop off of US 9 between Glens Falls and Lake George in Warren County.

NY 9N (143.13 miles or 230.35 kilometres) is a lengthy alternate route of US 9 between Saratoga Springs and Keeseville. NY 9N is the longest suffixed route in New York.

NY 9P (12.17 miles or 19.59 kilometres) is a loop route connecting US 9 to Saratoga Lake southeast of Saratoga Springs.

NY 9R (3.21 miles or 5.17 kilometres) is a short loop serving Colonie in northeast Albany County.

Note: This post draws heavily from the Wikipedia article, “US Route 9 in New York”. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/U.S._Route_9_in_New_York

Report Alleges Police Use Secret Evidence Collected By Feds To Make Arrests

"Branches of America's federal law enforcement and intelligence services may be secretly helping state and local police arrest suspects every day in ways that raise fundamental questions about defendants' civil and due process rights, according to a recent Human Rights Watch report."

"The report makes the case that federal law enforcers, police and local prosecutors are concealing the origins of evidence and intelligence in scores of criminal cases, especially drug arrests. The intelligence may include National Security Agency mass surveillance programs, wiretaps, computer and phone surveillance, and physical surveillance."

Growth in Jobs, First Year of Presidency

As I mentioned earlier, Jimmy Carter in 1977 created the greatest number of jobs during his first year of the presidency of any president -- a 4.9% increase in jobs in America during December 1977 compared December 1976. A lot of that had to do with the end of the first oil crisis, but still he presided over a strengthening national economy during that year. Trump's job growth is more in the middle, compared to some other presidents.

The other day when I went to Walmart to pick up some supplies,🏪 I saw the clerk was a younger man, Caucasian with red hair. Somehow I had to react differently, viscerally to see a white clerk there – one who looked more like someone would work on a farm or on your car or repairing mechanical equipment.👨 I bet he owns a lot of guns, a four wheeler, likes bonfires and drinking beer. Probably lives out in country, maybe this is his second job to make ends meet and provide for his family. Certainly, cool guy to hang out with, a bro.

After I got back to my jacked up pickup truck, turned on engine, took a sigh, and realized how truly racist my attitudes were in the store.😐 Just because somebody is white or has red hair, doesn’t mean they’re any more of a decent person then an African American or Latino clerk. Certainly not all blacks are drug dealers who on the side work at Walmart to pretend to have a legitimate job. That’s just a terrible stereotype, often portrayed in the media. Many are not immigrants, many are not struggling to make ends meet.👬 Granted Walmart is famous for underpaying workers, but not every one there is a drug dealer or welfare queen.

Prejudice is a something I’ve struggled with for most of my adult life. 🚧I always have found it disconcerting to see an African American driving a pickup truck.🚛 Some how it violates my idea of the stereotype. It really kind of bothers me a lot, because I don’t think of myself as a racist or a bad person.😥 I don’t dislike people because of their race and would never intentionally treat a person differently based on their race. 🌐I think I should work to be more open minded and less prejudicial, but it’s hard to over-turn long-standing prejudices against the groups that different then myself.🗽

How to Drive a Trabant

The COMMUNISTS made the BEST CARS!

" In a rare informational video, I show you how to steal my Trabant if you happen to find it with the keys inside. Typically, I don't let this happen, but you'll be prepared to make off in my communist box if I do. I'm not worried. You won't exactly outrun the police in a Trabant. Of course, all of these instructions assume you already know how to drive a car with a manual. I'm not letting you near my Trabant if you don't already know that."

Albany County Index Crimes

In the past 25 years the number of crimes reported by law enforcement agencies in Albany County has been reduced by nearly half. Crime, especially in the urban areas, is not the problem it once was in earlier decades. The bulk of crimes reported in the county comes from reporting by the Albany City Police, along with Colonie Police.

Data Source: https://data.ny.gov/Public-Safety/Index-Crimes-by-County-and-Agency-Beginning-1990/ca8h-8gjq