Farmers and the Estate Tax Myth

"The Farm Bureau, the nation’s largest agricultural lobbying group, has featured estate tax repeal among its key legislative priorities for many years. The current president, Zippy Duvall of Georgia, recently responded to President Trump’s tax reform plan, stating that, “Eliminating the estate tax will free farmers to invest in the future of their family businesses rather than selling off their land and legacy when a family member dies.”

The Farm Bureau is joined by national and state commodity groups, such as the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association and National Pork Producers Council, in their continuous estate tax repeal campaign. This message has penetrated Republican orthodoxy deeply, and remains on President Trump’s stump speech checklist of policies to help “forgotten rural America.”

But, like so many issues in today’s political landscape, instead of offering any clear data or empirical evidence to back up their rhetoric, agriculture industry groups and their political allies are simply pushing policies that favor a massive wealth transfer. They are actively working to dismantle government spending that supports the poor, the working class, and rural communities in favor of gigantic paydays for the super-rich."

Truck follows GPS directions onto boardwalk, leaving trail of damage behind

To be fair, a semi-truck in the 1970s got stuck on the Harrisburg Road Snowmobile Trail, and that was 40 years before GPS. http://www.adirondackalmanack.com/2015/12/tip-dont-drive-big-rigs-on-snowmobile-trails.html

"A tractor-trailer driver found himself in an unusual situation Wednesday morning because of what the driver said was a GPS error."

"Ventnor City Police Chief Doug Biagi said an officer spotted an 18-wheel tractor trailer the near Washington Avenue section of the Boardwalk around 5:30 a.m. Wednesday."

"According to the police chief, this is the second time in two months that a truck has come down the boardwalk in Ventnor. The first time was a building supply truck back in July."

The idea that climate scientists are in it for the cash has deep ideological roots

"This brings us back to the notion that cancer doctors might have a personal interest in not finding a cure. Proponents of public choice – including those who worked with Buchanan - have made just those claims.

In 1992, two academics from the Center for the Study of Public Choice at George Mason University (a centre established and led by Buchanan), wrote a book called The Economics of Smoking. In the book, economist Robert Tollison argued that the “anti-cancer bureaucracy will face weaker incentives to find and develop effective treatments of and cures for cancer, as well as facing incentives to magnify the risks of cancer”.

“A cure for cancer would put many cancer bureaucrats out of work,” Tollison wrote.

So the argument goes that these anti-cancer “bureaucrats” were not so much motivated to protect people from painful and deadly conditions linked to smoking, such as cancer and heart disease. Instead, they might work a bit less stringently to find a cure in return for a wage.

Analysis Irma and Harvey lay the costs of climate change denial at Trump’s door
The president’s dismissal of scientific research is doing nothing to protect the livelihoods of ordinary Americans
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There’s an irony in this accusation of people acting in their self-interest. Before and after writing that book chapter, Tollison was paid consultancy fees by the tobacco industry.

In the archives of tobacco documents released as part of US litigation, you can find a 1989 invoice sent to the Tobacco Institute for Tollison’s work on a “media tour”.

In 1993, the archives reveal, Tollison and his GMU colleague Robert Wagner, who co-wrote The Economics of Smoking, pitched to the tobacco industry a report attacking the World Health Organization, which would cost $20,000."

Here is a brief chart that shows the climate normals, sunset times, and length of day for next four months in City of Albany…

Albany, NY Temperature Normals and Records

Week Date Dawn Sun-
rise
Sun-
set
Dusk Day Avg High Avg Low Record Hi Record Low
0 Sep 20 6:13 am 6:41 am 6:54 pm 7:22 pm 12:13 71 50 90 (1946) 30 (1979)
1 Sep 27 6:20 am 6:48 am 6:42 pm 7:10 pm 11:53 68 47 84 (1998) 24 (1947)
2 Oct 4 6:28 am 6:56 am 6:30 pm 6:58 pm 11:33 65 44 86 (1891) 26 (1948)
3 Oct 11 6:36 am 7:04 am 6:18 pm 6:46 pm 11:13 62 41 86 (1949) 22 (1943)
4 Oct 18 6:44 am 7:13 am 6:06 pm 6:35 pm 10:53 59 39 84 (2016) 22 (1978)
5 Oct 25 6:52 am 7:21 am 5:56 pm 6:25 pm 10:34 56 37 77 (1963) 19 (1981)
6 Nov 1 7:00 am 7:30 am 5:46 pm 6:16 pm 10:16 54 35 78 (1950) 22 (1964)
7 Nov 8 6:09 am 6:39 am 4:38 pm 5:08 pm 9:59 51 34 75 (1975) 18 (1971)
8 Nov 15 6:17 am 6:47 am 4:31 pm 5:02 pm 9:43 48 32 74 (1993) 14 (1939)
9 Nov 22 6:25 am 6:56 am 4:26 pm 4:57 pm 9:30 45 30 70 (1931) 9 (1969)
10 Nov 29 6:33 am 7:04 am 4:23 pm 4:54 pm 9:18 42 28 66 (2005) 3 (1875)
11 Dec 6 6:39 am 7:11 am 4:21 pm 4:53 pm 9:10 39 25 68 (2001) -5 (1901)
12 Dec 13 6:45 am 7:17 am 4:22 pm 4:54 pm 9:04 37 22 58 (1984) -6 (1988)
13 Dec 20 6:49 am 7:21 am 4:24 pm 4:56 pm 9:02 34 20 61 (1957) -19 (1951)
14 Dec 27 6:52 am 7:24 am 4:28 pm 5:00 pm 9:04 32 17 60 (1895) -18 (1914)
15 Jan 3 6:53 am 7:25 am 4:34 pm 5:06 pm 9:09 31 16 61 (1913) -14 (1970)
16 Jan 10 6:52 am 7:23 am 4:41 pm 5:13 pm 9:17 30 14 55 (2016) -13 (1968)

nycmap $id

Good morning! What day is it? A rather gray and cloudy Hump Day, of course. But warm and somewhat humid. Two weeks to 6:30 PM Sunset. Mostly cloudy and 64 degrees in Albany. There is a north breeze at 10 mph. The dew point is 61 degrees. The skies will clear around 6 pm.

Big articulated bus to take us downtown today. No bus yesterday, because the driver said he was quite delayed due to an accident blocking Interstate 90. Apparently he got the station but after I got a ride in with Colleen. So that’s fine.

Today will be mostly cloudy, with a high of 79 degrees at 4pm. Eight degrees above normal. Maximum dew point of 64 at 4pm. North wind 10 to 13 mph. A year ago, we had partly cloudy skies. It was somewhat humid. The high last year was 84 degrees. The record high of 90 was set in 1946.

The sun will set at 6:54 pm with dusk around 7:22 pm, which is one minute and 47 seconds earlier than yesterday. At sunset, look for partly cloudy conditions and 76 degrees. The dew point will be 64 degrees. There will be a north breeze at 10 mph. Today will have 12 hours and 13 minutes of daytime, an decrease of 2 minutes and 51 seconds over yesterday.

Tonight will be partly cloudy, with a low of 62 degrees at 5am. 12 degrees above normal. Maximum dew point of 64 at 6pm. North wind 6 to 9 mph. In 2016, we had mostly clear skies. It was somewhat humid. It got down to 58 degrees. The record low of 29 occurred back in 1973.

The weekend still looks pretty nice, but really warm. I would like to see some of the colors in the Adirondacks, but I also think I may want to find some place that’s good for swimming. I’m thinking about taking Monday off, but I haven’t made the decision on that. I’ll decide tomorrow. Definitely going to be Indian Summer to kick off calendar autumn. Maybe Moose River Plains, but if I do that, I will have to pack and go shopping on Thursday night, so I can at least drive to Warrensburg not in the pitch black. I would like to spend a long weekend enjoying the colors. It will suck going the rest of the way in the dark, but I can drive slowly. I rather get up there late on Friday night then drive up in Saturday,

I still need to swap the wires on the CB radio, so that the 87A pin works to power the floor lights in the truck but it’s difficult with the sun setting so early. Last night I got stuck in the city until well after dark due to a family issue, and I was pretty tired by the time I got home. Maybe today I should run up to Advanced Auto at lunch, to get the crimp connectors, heat shrink, and more wire tires. I am also pretty low on food at home, as I didn’t go shopping last night, because I got home so late. Transferring buses to get home is a pain, but I didn’t want to walk in the dark down Holland Avenue, which even in the day time, can be quite empty.

Tonight is the Save the Pine Bush Dinner. Amanda Dillon, Field Ecologist from the  the Albany Pine Bush Preserve Commission will speak about Wild Bee Species and Insects in the Pine Bush. It should be a good dinner, especially with a new cooks who make some very tasteful lasagna. Everybody liked the lasagna that Reszin made since before I was born some 35 years ago, but time had to move on, and Reszin going on her ninth decade needed a break.

As previously noted, there are 2 weeks until 6:30 PM Sunset when the sun will be setting at 6:30 pm with dusk at 6:58 pm. On that day in 2016, we had cloudy skies and temperatures between 69 and 53 degrees. Typically, the high temperature is 65 degrees. We hit a record high of 86 back in 1891.

NWS: Indian Summer

"An early American writer described Indian Summer well when he wrote, "The air is perfectly quiescent and all is stillness, as if Nature, after her exertions during the Summer, were now at rest." This passage belongs to the writer John Bradbury and was written nearly an "eternity" ago, back in 1817. But this passage is as relevant today as it was way back then. The term "Indian Summer" dates back to the 18th century in the United States. It can be defined as "any spell of warm, quiet, hazy weather that may occur in October or even early November." Basically, autumn is a transition season as the thunderstorms and severe weather of the summer give way to a tamer, calmer weather period before the turbulence of the winter commences."

"The term "Indian Summer" is generally associated with a period of considerably above normal temperatures, accompanied by dry and hazy conditions ushered in on a south or southwesterly breeze. Several references make note of the fact that a true Indian Summer can not occur until there has been a killing frost/freeze. Since frost and freezing temperatures generally work their way south through the fall, this would give credence to the possibility of several Indian Summers occurring in a fall, especially across the northern areas where frost/freezes usually come early."

It’s bad and it’s everywhere: Harmful algal blooms plague Owasco, Skaneateles, Cayuga lakes

"Prestigiacomo said the hub is looking at temperature, light availability, nutrients, salinity, pH and other kinds of data to try and determine what might be triggering the blooms. He referred to storms in July, which created "episodic pulses of nutrients followed by long, warm, kind of stagnant conditions like we're seeing now," a good formula for creating blooms. The forecast for at least the next week looks much the same."

Google Maps: Length Of Day In New York State On the First Day of Autumn

The first day of autumn does not have exactly 12 hours day and 12 hours of night. There is about 12 hours and 7 minutes of daylight, depending on what part of New York State you are to celebrate the autumn equinox due to refraction of light on the earth's atmosphere. This is The Town of Massena will have the longest day in all of New York State, at 12 hours, 7 minutes and 54 seconds. The Borough of Staten Island will have shortest day, at 12 hours, 7 minutes and 29 seconds. On Wednesday, September 27th this reverses -- the day will actually be slightly longer in Staten Island then Massena.

This article explains why "Equinox Does Not Have Exactly 12 Hours of Daylight and Night". https://www.timeanddate.com/astronomy/equinox-not-equal.html