Good morning! Happy Tuesday. Sunny and 38 degrees in Delmar, NY. There is a south breeze at 9 mph. 8:26 am rolls around and the express bus heads downtown, as I listen to Petula Clark’s Downtown. The lights are much brighter there, downtown, waiting for you downtown. 55 degrees and more clouds later. Not a half bad day for late November. I’m hoping for some nice days like this come December.

The sun will set at 4:27 pm with dusk around 4:58 pm, which is 41 seconds earlier than yesterday. At sunset, look for mostly clear conditions and 53 degrees. There will be a south breeze at 14 mph. Today will have 9 hours and 32 minutes of daytime, a decrease of one minute and 53 seconds over yesterday.

Tonight will have a slight chance of rain and snow showers after 4am. Increasing clouds, with a low of 37 degrees at 3am. Seven degrees above normal. South wind 6 to 13 mph. Chance of precipitation is 20%. In 2016, we had partly cloudy skies. It got down to 30 degrees. The record low of 9 occurred back in 1969.

There seems to be a lot of traffic this morning. I wonder if the traffic is holiday related or if just a lot of people are going to work before the holiday. It seems like things were really backed up on Elm Ave and things are busy on Southern Boulevard too.

I got the Arduino replacements that I bought in the mail yesterday. They came fast. The replacement unit fixed the logic bugs I was having and the fried pins. But I’m still having trouble with the transistors using too much current when they warm up and abusing the Arduino, causing the pulse width modulation to shut down due to thermal condition and the transistor to vibrate with make a buzzing noise.

I also ran too much current through a resistor when I was testing things but nothing but a resistor fried that time. I hate to waste them but it’s cheaper then frying other components. I just need to print up the transistor spec sheet and do the math. I need a resistor to limit the maximum flow of current to the transistor and then an appropriate one to set the transistor to low when it should be low otherwise static will prevent it from going off.

Still hoping to get up to the Adirondacks this weekend. If I go far enough west, I can probably use my cross country skis but I expect little more than a dusting (if even that) farther east. Not sure I will go skiing though. I’m not ready for that this early in the year. Probably just heated tent camp off of NY 8. I am thinking about maybe doing some hiking up at Moreau Lake State Park on Friday, then camp maybe just one night, as Saturday looks somewhat wet but not icy, and Sunday will be just plain cold.

There are 2 months until National Hug Day when the sun will be setting at 4:55 pm with dusk at 5:26 pm. You will want to hug to stay warm during that time of year, with average high only about 30 degrees and lows dropping back down to 14 most nights.

Breakup of the Bell System

Today in 1974, the US Department of Justice filed an anti-trust lawsuit against the Bell System and A&TT. It would lead to a breaking up of MaBell, eventually leading to more competition and lower prices for telephone and other communication methods.

Most of the upcoming week for Albany should be pretty decent, if not a bit cool.  Tuesday will be the best day of the week by far, but Thanksgiving and Black Friday aka Buy Nothing Day should be pretty nice too. Probably get out hiking on Buy Nothing Day, but I may have to get some supplies for camping. Maybe I will do Moreau State Park and camp on NY 8 — I’ve done that in years past and that’s a nice post-Thanksgiving trip.

Weather Summary
Today. Chance of Snow Showers then Chance of Rain/Snow and 40 degrees , 4:28 sunset.
Tonight. Decreasing Clouds and 29 degrees , 6:55 sunrise.
Tuesday. Sunny and 55 degrees , 4:27 sunset.
Tuesday Night. Mostly Clear then Chance of Showers and 38 degrees , 6:56 sunrise.
Wednesday. Chance of Showers and 42 degrees , 4:26 sunset.
Wednesday Night. Mostly Clear and 25 degrees , 6:57 sunrise.
Thanksgiving Day. Mostly Sunny and 39 degrees , 4:26 sunset.
Thursday Night. Mostly Cloudy and 28 degrees , 6:59 sunrise.
Friday. Mostly Sunny and 42 degrees , 4:25 sunset.
Friday Night. Partly Cloudy and 29 degrees , 7:00 sunrise.
Saturday. Chance of Showers and 44 degrees , 4:25 sunset.
Saturday Night. Mostly Cloudy and 31 degrees , 7:01 sunrise.
Sunday. Partly Sunny and 38 degrees , 4:24 sunset.

nycmap $id

Three weeks from now the sun will be setting the earliest time of the year for Albany — 4:22 PM. That’s about six months earlier then tonight. After then, the sunsets start get later, slowly at first but rapidly accelerating as we head towards spring. Daylight Savings Time begins in 15 weeks!

Earliest Sunset – Saturday, December 9 at 4:22 pm
4:30 pm sunset – Wednesday, December 27
4:45 pm sunset – Friday, January 12
5:00 pm sunset – Wednesday, January 24
5:15 pm sunset – Sunday, February 4
5:30 pm sunset – Friday, February 16
5:45 pm sunset – Wednesday, February 28
Daylight Savings Time Begins – Sunset on Sunday, March 11 is at 6:57 pm
7:00 pm sunset – Monday, March 12
7:15 pm sunset – Sunday, March 25
7:30 pm sunset – Saturday, April 7

How The Federal Reserve Manages Money Supply

The federal reserve is a private association of banks and financial institutions. As it's actions have significant economic implications, the federal reserve does have an appointed head by the president but all other bank governors are selected by the banks who are members of the federal reserve.

It exists primarily to prevent bank panics by requiring banks hold a percentage of their reserves in cash and be a lender of last resort to banks who face demands for cash that they don't have in their own vaults and other banks are unwilling to lend to them.

The federal reserve occasionally changes the reserve rate for banks and often changes the discount rate, the rate they charge to banks at last resort that need a loan that no private bank will give them. Changing the discount rate influences the rate banks charge on loans. In times of extreme recession, the fed will do quanative easing aka open market operations which means that they either force banks to buy government bonds so that they have more cash to loan out or force them to pay back the bonds to take money out of the market.

The rational for doing this is publicly stated by the fed. The reserve rate, discount rate, and total open market amounts are released. Internal deliberations and individual transactions with banks are kept private to avoid market speculation. While the federal reserve sounds scary and has a massive impact on the economy, it generally does a good job at moderating inflation and recessions. Obviously people can and do disagree whether more or less unemployment or inflation is better.

Change in Sunset from Previous Day

Some good news! Each night now the sunset is getting earlier, but at a declining rate. Come December 9th, the sun will start setting later and later each night, accelerating to 22 second later then the previous night come December 16th. Okay, we still have a while until we have the 7 PM sunset with Daylight Savings Time returning on March 11th, but so be it.

Trump Keeps Elephant Trophy Import Ban In Place, For Now

"Legal, well-regulated sport hunting as part of a sound management program can benefit certain species by providing incentives to local communities to conserve those species and by putting much-needed revenue back into conservation," the service said in a statement to NPR. "The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has determined that the hunting and management programs for African elephants in Zimbabwe and Zambia will enhance the survival of the species in the wild."

After Tokyo Commuter Train Leaves 20 Seconds Early, Company Apologizes

"Passengers on a morning train on the Tokyo region's Tsukuba Express line might not have noticed anything was amiss Tuesday. But when their train left Minami-Nagareyama station, it did so 20 seconds ahead of schedule — and when the company noticed, it issued an apology to customers."

"The train was traveling northbound on the line that connects Tokyo's Akihabara station with Tsukuba to the northeast — a trip that takes less than an hour. After passengers had boarded, the crew didn't check the time, resulting in the slightly early departure "around" 9:44 a.m., the company said."