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Map: John White Wildlife Management Area

Map: John White Wildlife Management Area

The primary purposes of the Oak Orchard and Tonawanda Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs) are wildlife management, wildlife habitat management, and wildlife-dependent recreation. This 5,600-acre wetland tract is the western most of the two State waterfowl areas. Oak Orchard WMA is located in a historic wetland, the "Oak Orchard Swamp," created by a natural barrier across Oak Orchard Creek. This restriction is an outcropping of dolomitic limestone located at Shelby Center that resisted the cutting action of the creek and created a huge wetland upstream. The Tonawanda area is located in the Tonawanda Creek flood plain situated to the southwest of the Oak Orchard Swamp. Historically, spring flooding by Oak Orchard and Tonawanda Creeks provided temporary water areas for migrating waterfowl, but by late spring water levels would drop, leaving only scant nesting habitat. After the WMAs were acquired, water levels were stabilized by constructing several miles of dike and 60 water level control structures. To date, approximately 3,000 acres of permanent marsh have been developed which is used extensively by waterfowl for nesting and as a resting and feeding area during the spring and fall migrations.

http://www.dec.ny.gov/outdoor/24442.html

Map: Tonawanda Wildlife Management Area

Map: Tonawanda Wildlife Management Area

The primary purposes of the Oak Orchard and Tonawanda Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs) are wildlife management, wildlife habitat management, and wildlife-dependent recreation. This 5,600-acre wetland tract is the western most of the two State waterfowl areas. Oak Orchard WMA is located in a historic wetland, the "Oak Orchard Swamp," created by a natural barrier across Oak Orchard Creek. This restriction is an outcropping of dolomitic limestone located at Shelby Center that resisted the cutting action of the creek and created a huge wetland upstream. The Tonawanda area is located in the Tonawanda Creek flood plain situated to the southwest of the Oak Orchard Swamp. Historically, spring flooding by Oak Orchard and Tonawanda Creeks provided temporary water areas for migrating waterfowl, but by late spring water levels would drop, leaving only scant nesting habitat. After the WMAs were acquired, water levels were stabilized by constructing several miles of dike and 60 water level control structures. To date, approximately 3,000 acres of permanent marsh have been developed which is used extensively by waterfowl for nesting and as a resting and feeding area during the spring and fall migrations.

http://www.dec.ny.gov/outdoor/24442.html