2017 December 16

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Climate Change
Cod Pond
Delmar, NY
Delmar, New York
Five Rivers Environmental Education Center
Pharsalia Wildlife Management Area
Solid Waste
State Lands

December 2017
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Questions? Need an updated map? Email me andy@andyarthur.org.

Most modern suburban houses have 200 amp connections to the grid that allow them safely to consume a peak of 48kW or about 64 horsepower. That’s an incredible amount of energy when figure out that the peak output of a human is about 900 watts or 1.2 hp and that most humans can only put out about 75 watts or 0.1 hp sustained. Even if the typical suburban household uses about 897 kWh a month, that still works to an average draw of 1.22 kW or 1.6 horsepower. No single human can produce that kind of power.

Yet, somehow we expect that amount of electricity to flow to our modern suburban homes, thanks to vast reserves of coal and natural gas, to say nothing of the electricity produced by burning refined uranium using nuclear fission, the damming up of major rivers, and to a much lesser extent wind turbines the size of skyscrapers and those 100 watt and 250 watt solar panels that are seen on the homes of green minded consumers, and some former farm fields and landfills. But those renewable sources are tiny compared to burning coal, natural gas and uranium.

Some in the green community want society to become more electrified, on grounds that electricity generation doesn’t always produce large carbon dioxide and other stack emissions, even if it does consume natural resources, no matter how it is generated. From an engineering standpoint, electricity is an elegant way to power engines, as it’s the most refined source of energy and can be carefully controlled and turned into useful work with minimal waste. But it’s hard to make the numbers add up when you talk about increasing the size of energy grid, and moving it off fossil fuels. You can step up voltages further on grid, to allow it to carry more energy, but that requires expensive changes throughout the grid and there is no natural, low impact source of energy that can produce that amount of energy. Simply said, we need to conserve.

Efficiency is part of conservation, but many of big gains in efficiency have long been worked into the system. Incremental increases are important, but they are not enough. People need to learn how to scale their lives so that their energy consumption is more consistent with what is available naturally. The problem is these changes aren’t easy to adopt because they require often radical changes to lifestyle and rethinking how they live their lives.

I am not hopeful that we will ever address the climate crisis facing our nation, because it turns out consumption and energy is fun. Everybody likes big houses and big cars. They like their houses filled with electronic devices, they want to be warm, have lots of toys. Green activists aren’t getting as much further by just pushing electrification and just greater efficiency gains. Until we adopt a national strategy of much less energy consumption, one that puts us closer to living under much less then a kilowatt hour per capita per day, we aren’t going to make much progress at addressing the climate crisis that will eventually kill off humanity.

The Divide: Time for NY to Become the Resource Recovery State

"Landfills have been the talk of the town(s) the past year. Solid waste management on all levels – local, state, national and worldwide – must be taken seriously in 2018. Municipal landfills are reaching the end of their lifespans (see the city of Albany). Privately-owned dump operators are taking in more trash than they are legally permitted to accept (see Colonie/Waste Connections, Inc.). Enormous landfills (many in southern states) that take in waste shipped from out-of-state producers are filling up at a record pace. And, according to a report by Kadir van Lohuizen in The Washington Post, “The world produces more than 3.5 million tons of garbage a day – and that figure is growing.” The divide between the proposed goals set to decrease the amount of waste we produce and the actual implementation of programs to meet those goals is as deep and wide and high as Albany’s Rapp Road landfill."

State Forests over 4,000 Acres

There are 39 state forests in New York State that are more then 4,000 acres.

State Forest Acres
Frank E. Jadwin Memorial State Forest 20,576
Brasher State Forest 19,748
Lesser Wilderness State Forest 13,819
Tug Hill State Forest 12,296
Deer River State Forest 12,274
Burnt-Rossman Hills State Forest 10,629
Sugar Hill State Forest 9,234
Winona State Forest 9,231
Pharsalia Woods State Forest 9,154
Charles E. Baker State Forest 9,060
Grant Powell State Forest 8,144
Danby State Forest 7,495
Titusville Mountain State Forest 7,483
Beartown State Forest 7,205
Beaver Creek State Forest 7,179
Hemlock-Canadice State Forest 6,885
Mcdonough State Forest 6,837
Stewart State Forest 6,650
Five Streams State Forest 6,371
Beaver Meadow State Forest 5,814
Rocky Point Pine Barrens State Forest 5,786
Sears Pond State Forest 5,704
Melondy Hill State Forest 5,657
Steam Mill State Forest 5,608
Chazy Highlands State Forest 5,538
Cuyler Hill State Forest 5,494
Shindagin Hollow State Forest 5,305
Morgan Hill State Forest 5,290
Bear Swamp State Forest 5,136
Terry Mountain State Forest 4,812
Turnpike State Forest 4,765
Lincklaen State Forest 4,629
Taylor Valley State Forest 4,610
Fall Brook State Forest 4,480
James Kennedy State Forest 4,440
Summer Hill State Forest 4,416
Wolf Lake State Forest 4,360
South Valley State Forest 4,255
Charleston State Forest 4,030
Map: Pharsalia Wildlife Management Area

Map: Pharsalia Wildlife Management Area

e primary purposes of Pharsalia Wildlife Management Area (WMA) are for wildlife management, wildlife habitat management, and wildlife-dependent recreation. This WMA is 4,689 acres in size and is located in the northwest portion of Chenango County, approximately 10 miles southwest of Sherburne. Pharsalia generally has flat or gently sloping terrain.

In 1926 Pharsalia became the first State Game Refuge purchased with Conservation Fund monies. Thousands of trees and shrubs were planted for reforestation and wildlife purposes. A 200-man Civilian Conservation Corp camp accomplished much of the work and also constructed several small ponds for waterfowl use.